The core of the exhibition comprises over 150 items from the collection of the National Museum. The display is made up of five sections (“From myth to archaeological discovery”, “Dilmun and the horizons of international trade”, “Blessed is the land of Dilmun”, “A boundless sea of grave mounds” and “The hidden art of Dilmun”) that tell about the genesis and flourishing of the Dilmun civilization between the 3rd and 1st millennia BC. The exhibition presents the results of archaeological explorations of recent decades on the islands of Bahrein in the Persian Gulf, which have been identified with the ancient land of Dilmun that is well-known from cuneiform sources. The exhibits illustrate the centuries-long economic prosperity of the region and its cultural significance. The exhibition also touches on mythology and the religious conceptions of the inhabitants of Dilmun. Particular emphasis is placed on the production of the stamp seals that were extensively used in the region.