XIX CENTURY

1801

Assassination of Paul I in Mikhail Palace. Alexander I comes to throne.

Construction of the Public Library building completed.

Monument to Alexander Suvorov on Tsarina's Meadow unveiled.

Foundation of a state iron foundry (current Kirov Plant).


1802

Foundation of the Philharmonic Society.

The "Vestnik of Europe" magazine. Suicide of Alexander Radischev.

 

1803

Celebration of 100 anniversary of St. Petersburg.

Ivan Kruzenschtern starts the first Russian round-world expedition.

Construction of the Medical and Surgery Academy building completed.

First successful flight on an air balloon.

 

1804

Pedagogical Institute was established.

The Tower of the State Duma was built in Nevsky Prospect.

 

1805

The Gymnasium (Public School) for the Province of St. Petersburg (later - the so-called Second Gymnasium) was established.

St. Petersburg's first steam engine was installed at the Cotton Mill.

Maryinsky /’Maria's’/ Hospital opened in Liteiny /’Foundry’/ Prospect.

 

1806

Rostral columns were erected on Vassilievsky /’St. Basil's’/ Island.

Regular rowing-boat navigation opened between St. Petersburg and Kronstadt.

The Politseisky /’Police ‘/ Bridge (now - the Green Bridge) was built across the Moika River.

 

1807

The construction of the Horse Guards Manege was completed.

 

1808

Pavel Pankin's Traktir /’tavern’/ opened in Nevsky Prospect.

The construction of the Smolny Institute building was completed.

 

1809

Ecclesiastical Academy opened.

Laval's Palace was built.

Ivan Krylov published the first volume of his fables.

 

1810

The construction of the Stock Exchange building was completed on St. Basil's Island.

The State Council was formed and inaugurated.

The Institute of the Corps of Communication Engineers (now – the University of Railway Engineering) opened.

 

1811

The Bolshoi Theatre suffered a big fire.

The construction of the buildings of Kazansky Cathedral /’the Cathedral of Our Lady of Kazan’/ and of the Institute of Mines was completed.

A literary society, Beseda liubitelei Russkogo slova /’ The Conference of the Amateurs of Russian Literature’/, was formed.

The Lyceum opened in Tsarskoe Selo.

 

1812

Napoleon invaded Russia and the Patriotic War began.

St. Petersburg People's Detachment was formed.

Russian Bible Society was founded.

The first issue of the Syn Otechestva /’Son of Fatherland’/ journal was printed.

 

1813

Field Marshal Mikhail Kutuzov was entombed in Kazansky Cathedral /’the Cathedral of Our Lady of Kazan’/.

Philharmonic Society gave its first charity concert for the benefit of the invalids of the Patriotic War.

 

1814

The Imperial Public Library opened for visitors.

The signing of the victorious peace treaty with France was celebrated by a grand salute (324 volleys).

St. Petersburg People's Detachment and Imperial Guards returned from their foreign campaigns.

Alexander Pushkin published his first book of poetry.

 

1815

The Arzamas literary society was formed.

The first Russian steamer Elizabeth made its maiden voyage to Kronstadt.

 

1816

Nikolai Karamzin published his first volume of The History of the State of Russia.

The first conspiratorial society of the Decembrists, Soyuz Spaseniya /’The League for Salvation’/, was formed.

The Free Society of the Amatuers of Russian Literature was organized.

The Potseluev Bridge across the Moika River was built.

 

1817

State Commercial Bank was founded.

The construction of the main road between St. Petersburg and Moscow began.

First pavements were laid with stone.

 

1818

The construction of the Yelagin Island architectural ensemble began.

St. Petersburg Board of Soyuz Blagodenstviya /’the League for Prosperity’/ was formed.

The Expedition for the Production of State Notes (now – the Goznak factory) was set up.

 

1819

The barracks for the Lifeguards Pavlovsky Regiment were built in Marsovo Polye /’the Field of Mars’/.

St. Petersburg University revived. Central Engineering College (later – Nicholas's Engineering Academy) was set up.

The construction of Mikhailovsky /Michael's/ Palace began.

The foundation stone of St. Isaac's cathedral, designed by Auguste R. Montferrand, was laid down, which was marked by a solemn ceremony.

 

1820

The soldiers from the Lifeguards Semyonovsky Regiment revolted. Artillery College (later – Michael's Academy of Artillery) was formed. Lobanov-Rostotsky's House was built.

 

1821

The Decembrists' Severnoye Obschestvo /’the Northern Society’/ was formed.

The Society for the Encouragement of Artists (later – the Art Promotion Society) was set up.

 

1822

A special law prohibited conspiratorial societies and free mason lodges in Russia.

Russia's first specially equipped circus building was constructed in Krestovsky Island.

The Yelagin Island architectural ensemble was completed.

 

1823

The Admiralty Building was reconstructed according to the project of Andryan Zakharov.

Kondraty Ryleev and Alexander Bestuzhev published the first issue of their Polyarnaya Zvezda /’ Polar Star’/ almanac.

 

1824

Russia's first optical (semaphore) telegraph was constructed between St. Petersburg and Schlisselburgh.

Alexander Griboedov brought the manuscript of his comedy Woe from Wit.

The city had the worst flood in its history (410cm above the normal level).

 

1825

Faddey Bulgarin and Nikolai Grech started the Severnaya Pchela /’Northern Bee’/ gazette.

The first chapter of Pushkin's Eugene Onegin was published.

Constantine Chernov duelled with Vladimir Novosiltsev.

Alexander I died. Interregnum. Nicholas I ascended the Russian throne.

The Decembrists' Revolt.

 

1826

Anton de Rossi finished his model of St. Petersburg.

Nikolai Karamzin died.

The so-called Third Department and Gendarme Corps were formed.

Decembrists' leaders were hanged at the Crownwork of the Fortress of Peter and Paul.

Alexander's Iron Foundry (now known as the Proletarski Zavod Industrial Amalgamation) commenced its production at Nevskaya Zastava.

 

1827

The War Gallery was solemnly opened in the Winter Palace.

Kamennostrovsky /’Stone Island’/ Theatre was built.

The foundation stone of the new Preobrazhensky /’Transfiguration’/ Cathedral (designed by Vassily Stasov) was laid down.

Evgeni Baratynsky published his book of poetry.

 

1828

St. Petersburg Practical Institute (later – Technological Institute) was founded.

The Troitsky /’Holy Trinity’/ Cathedral of the Lifeguards Izmailovsky Regiment was started.

The Bolshoi Koniushenny Bridge/’Big Stables Bridge’/ was built across the Moika River.

 

1829

The building of the Genshtab /’General Staff Headquarters’/, designed by Carlo Rossi, was completed.

St. Mary Magdalene's Hospital opened on St. Basil's Island.

 

1830

The first masquerade was given in Engelgardt's House in Nevsky Prospect.

Anton Delvig began to publish his Literaturnaya Gazeta /’Literary Gazette’/.

 

1831

Cholera Mutiny began in Senate Square.

Alexander Griboyedov's comedy Woe from Wit was staged at the Bolshoi theatre.

The Rumyantsev Museum opened for visitors.

A three-arch bridge was built across the Ekaterininsky /’Catherine's/ Canal and the Moika River.

 

1832

Alexander's Column was erected in Palace Square.

Alexandrinsky /’Alexandra's/ theatre opened.

A devastating fire started in the Moskovski and Karetny city districts.

The Civil Engineering College and the Military Academy (later – Nicholas's Academy of the General Staff Headquarters) were formed.

 

1833

The Obvodny /’Circular’/ Canal opened for navigation.

The construction of the main road between St. Petersburg and Moscow was completed.

Mikhailovsky /’Michael's’/ Theatre opened. The Spa Arrangement Society was formed.

The publication of the new Code of Laws of the Russian Empire began.

 

1834

The buildings of Senate and Synod, the architectural ensemble of Alexandrinsky Theatre, the Dutch Church in Nevsky Prospect and the pier near the Academy of Fine Arts were completed.

The Narvskye Vorota triumphal arch and Alexander's column were festively unveiled.

Nicholas's Hospital for Children opened.

Ossip Senkovsky published the first issue of his Biblioteka dlya Chteniya /’Reading Library’/ journal.

 

1835

The Smolny Cathedral was consecrated.

The hospital of St. Peter and Paul opened.

The Archeographic Commission at the Ministry of Public Education was formed.

The College of Law opened.


1836

Nikolai Gogol's comedy, The Inspector General, was staged at Alexandrinsky Theatre.

The first night of Mihail Glinka's opera, A Life for the Tsar (Ivan Susanin), was given at the Bolshoi Theatre.

Alexander Pushkin published the first issue of his Sovremennik /’The Contemporary’/ literary magazine. Larin's (the Fourth) gymnasium opened.

 

1837

Alexander Pushkin died after his duel.

Russia's first railroad opened between St. Petersburg and Tsarkoe Selo.

The fire of the Winter Palace lasted for three days.

 

1838

Monuments to Mikhail Kutuzov and Mikhail Barclay de Tolly were unveiled in Kazanskaya Square.

The Lutheran Church of St. Peter and Moscovskiye Vorota triumphal arch were built.

 

1839

The Pulkovskaya Observatory opened.

Andrei Krayevsky published the first issue of the Otechestvennye Zapisky /’Notes of the Fatherland’/ journal.

The first Russian daguerreotypes were made – one of them showed St.Isaac's Cathedral.

 

1840

Mikhail Lermontov published his novel, A Hero of Our Time.

Nikolai Nekrasov published his book of poems, Dreams and Sounds.

Taras Shevchenko published his book of poems, The Kobzar.

Symphonic Society was formed.

 

1841

St. Petersburg's first public hospital, the Temporary Hospital for Workers (later – Alexander's Hospital in the Memory of February 19, 1861), opened.


1842

Peter Clodt's equestrian groups were installed on the Anichkov Bridge.

Nikolai Gogol published the first part of his Dead Souls.

The first night of Mikhail Glinka's opera, Ruslan and Lyudmila, was given at the Bolshoi Theatre.

Vvedenskaya /’The Presentation’/ Church of the Lifeguard Semyonovsky Regiment was consecrated.

 

1843

The construction of the long distance railroad between St. Petersburg and Moscow began.

The building of the General Corps Headquarters completed.

Russia's first Agricultural Exhibition was held.

The telegraph between St. Petersburg and Tsarskoe Selo was constructed.

The omnibus became the city's first kind of public transport.

 

1844

Maryinsky/’Maria's/ Palace was built.

Vladimir Odoevsky published his novel, The Russian Nights.

A special by-law prohibiting the construction of buildings taller than 23,5 meters was passed.

 

1845

The Columns of Glory were unveiled in Konnogvardeisky /’Horse-Guards’/ Boulevard.

Russian Geographic Society was founded.

Mikhail Butashevich-Petrashevsky's Circle formed.

The Physiology of St. Petersburg almanac (part I) was published.

 

1846

The Imperial Archaeological Society was founded.

Nikolai Nekrasov and Ivan Panaev issued the first volume of their journal, Sovremennik /’The Contemporary’/.

Feodor Dostoevsky published his novel, Poor Folk.

 

1847

The building of Beloselsky-Belozersky's House began in Nevsky Prospect.

Marius Petipa came to St. Petersburg.

Ivan Goncharov published his novel, The Same Old Story.

 

1848

A glass-roofed promenad, which became known as Passage, opened in Nevsky prospect.

The frigate steamer Archimedes was launched at the Okhtiskoe Admiralty.

Feodor Dostoyevsky published his White Nights.

Vissarion Belinsky died.

 

1849

The Head Physical Observatory (now – the Head Geophysical Observatory named after A.I.Voyeykov) opened.

The Blagoveschensky /’Annunciation’/ Church of the Lifeguard Equestrian Regiment was consecrated.

The Theatre-Circus opened in Theatre Square.

Conspirators from Mikhail Butashevich-Petrashevsky's group were arrested.

 

1850

The Petrashevtsy conspirators were put to the civil execution in Semyonovsky Platz.

The New Arsenal plant (now – the Arsenal machine building plant) was opened on the Vyborgskaya Side.

Concert Society was formed.

The first permanent bridge across the Neva River was built, the Blagoveschensky /’Annunciation’/ Bridge.

 

1851

The construction of Nikolaevsky /Nicholas's/ railway terminal completed.

Regular passenger railway opened between St. Petersburg and Moscow.

 

1852

The New Hermitage museum was opened for public.

The first night of Mikhail Lermontov's drama, The Masquerade was given at Alexandrinsky Theatre.

 

1853

Warshavsky /’Warsaw’/ railway terminal and the first section of St. Petersburg-Warsaw railroad between the capital and Gatchina was festively opened.

The Chess Club was formed (the so-called Amateur Society of Chess players).

The first night of Alexander Ostrovsky's comedy, Do not Take a Sledge if It Is Not Your Own, was given at Alexandrinsky /’Alexandra's/ theatre.

The Crimean War started.

The population of the city made 523 000 people.


1854

The British-French squadron of Admiral Charles Nepire approached Kronstadt.

The Holy Cross Community of Medical Nurses was formed.

 

1855

Emperor Nicholas I died. Alexander II ascended the throne.

The British-French Fleet made its second vain attempt to conquer Kronstadt.

The Baltic Fleet of Russia used mine weapons for the first time in world's history.

The monument to Ivan Krylov was unveiled in Letny Sad /’Summer Gardens’/.

 

1856

Macfersson and Carr Wharf (now – Baltyisky Shipbuilding Plant) was founded.

The first night of Alexander Dargomyzhsky's opera, The Mermaid, was given at the Theatre-Circus.

Karl May's private school opened.

 

1857

The Metal Works, The Nevsky Foundry and The Mechanical Plant were founded.

Baltyisky terminal and railway between St. Petersburg and Peterhof opened.

 

1858

The construction of St.Isaac's Cathedral was completed.

A disastrous explosion occurred at the Okhtinsky Gunpowder Works.

First Russian postage stamps were issued.

Alexander Dumas (Dumas-pere) arrived in St. Petersburg.

 

1859

The monument to Nicholas I was unveiled in Maryinsky Square. St. Petersburg's first gas lanterns lit its streets and bridges. Russian Musical Society and Literary Foundation were formed. The Museum of Agriculture opened in Solyanoi Town.

 

1860

The State Bank of Russia was founded.

Maryinsky /’Maria's’/ Theatre opened.

The Crownwork Arsenal and the Konyushenny Museum were built. Russo-American Rubber Manufacturing Company (now – the Treugolnik /’Triangle’/ Factory) was set up.

 

1861

Serfdom was abolished in Russia.

Students' riots began.

St. Petersburg University was temporarily closed.

The first revolutionary proclamations were printed.

The brothers Dostoyevsky started to publish their journal, Vremya /’the Time’/.

The construction of Nikolaevsky and Novo-Mikhailovsky palaces completed.

The Voskresensky Novodevichy Nunnery /’the New Maiden Nunnery of Resurrection’/ was built.

Rumyantsev's Museum was transferred from St. Petersburg to Moscow.

 

1862

Big fire devastated the Apraksin Dvor and Schukin Dvor warehouses in Sadovaya Street.

Mikhail Mikhailov, Nikolai Shelgunov, Dmitry Pisarev and Nikolai Chernyshevsky were arrested.

The railway between St. Petersburg and Warsaw opened.

Ludvig Nobel Works (now – Russky Diesel Plant) was founded.

St. Petersburg Conservatoire was established.

The Moguchaya Kuchka / ‘Mighty Band’/ musical association was formed.

 

1863

The first line of the city water pipe was put into operation.

St. Petersburg's first kindergarten commenced its work.

The first line of horse tramway opened. St. Petersburg Artel (‘Association’) of Artists was formed.

Nikolai Nekrasov's poem, Who Can Be Happy and Free in Russia, and Nikolai Chernyshevsky's novel, What Is to Be Done, were published.

 

1864

First steel was cast at the Obukhovsky Steelworks.

Nikolai Chernyshevsky was put to the civil execution in Mytninskaya Square.

St. Petersburg Commercial and Credit Bank was opened to become the first joint stock bank in Russia.

 

1865

The German Reformatory Church on Moika River Embankment and Swedish Lutheran Church in Malaya Konyushennaya Street were consecrated.

The Zoo opened on the Peterburgskaya Side.

 

1866

Near Summer Gardens Dmitry Karakozov made an attempt to assassinate Alexander II.

The journals Sovremennik /The Contemporary/ and Russkoe Slovo /The Russian Word/ were closed.

The Telegraph Agency was formed to become the first press agency in Russia.

Russian Technical Society was formed.

Feodor Dostoyevsky published his Crime and Punishment.

 

1867

The construction of Grand Duke Vladimir's Palace in Dvortsovaya /’Palace’/ Embankment began.

The first performance of Alexey Tolstoy's drama, The Death of Ivan the Terrible, was given at Alexandrinsky Theatre.

The first Congress of Natural Scientists opened its work.

 

1868

Engineer Nikolai Putilov bought a government iron foundry (now – the Kirov Works).

Nikolai Nekrasov and Mikhail Saltykov-Schedrin renewed the publication of their journal, Otechestvennyie Zapiski /’Notes of the Fatherland’/.

 

1869

In St. Petersburg University Dmitry Mendeleev made the first presentation of his Periodical Law and Periodical Table of Elements.

Prince of Aldeburgh's Hospital for Children (now - Children’s Hospital No 19 named after K.A.Rauchfus) opened in Liteiny Prospect .

The first volume of the Niva /‘Cornfield’/ journal was issued.

The census of St. Petersburg showed the capital to have 9 109 houses and 667 026 inhabitants.

 

1870

Finlyandsky /’Finland’/ terminal and railway between St. Petersburg and Vyborg opened.

The Association of Itinerant Artists, Peredvizhniki, and St. Petersburg Association of Architects were formed.

The first issue of the Russkaya Starina /’Russian Antiquity’/ journal was published.

 

1871

The Russian Bank for Foreign Trade was founded.

The first exhibition of Peredvizhniki was held in the Academy of Fine Arts.

Nechaevtsy (members of the group led by Nechaev) were brought to court and the first open trial in Russia was held.

 

1872

A violent fire destroyed the show booths of Berg and Malafeev in Admiralty Square.

The construction of the Trubetskoi Bastion prison completed.

First post cards were issued (called in those days ‘Open Letters’).

 

1873

The executive body of the State Duma, the Town Council, was formed.

The first experiment was made to light the city streets with electricity.

The monuments to Empress Catherine II and Admiral Ivan Kruzenstern were unveiled.

 

1874

The khozhdeniye v narod /‘going to the people’/ movement was suppressed by the Tsarist police.

Admiralty Embankment was constructed.

Alexandrovsky /’Alexander's’/ Garden was opened near the Admiralty.

Modest Musorgsky's opera, Boris Godunov, was first performed at Maryinsky theatre.

 

1875

Hotel Evropeyskaya (now – Grand Hotel Europe) opened.

Pyotr Tchaikovsky's First Piano Concerto was played for the first time.

 

1876

The first issue of the Novoye Vremya /’New Time’/ gazette edited by Alexei Suvorin was published.

The first workers’ demonstration under the red banner was held in Kazanskaya Square.

One more journal, Russkoye Bogatstvo /’the Russian Wealth’/, was initiated.

 

1877

The arrested members of the khozhdeniye v narod /‘going to the people’/ movement were brought to trial.

The first night of Pyotr Tchaikovsky's ballet, Swan Lake, was given at Maryinsky theatre.

The construction of the German Lutheran Church of St. Michael completed.

Nikolai Nekrasov died.

 

1878

The stone circus of Gaetano Ciniselli was opened.

Russia's first higher school for women, Bestuzhevskie Kursy, was established.

Severny Souz /’The Northern Union’/ of Russian Workers was founded.

Vera Zasulich shot and wounded Governor Trepov of St. Petersburg. The court acquitted her.

Sergei Stepnyak-Kravchinsky killed the Chief of Gendarmes Mezentsev.

 

1879

Alexei Soloviev made an attempt to kill Alexander II.

The Executive Committee of Narodnaya Volya /’People's Freedom or Will’/ was formed.

The construction of Liteyny /’Foundry’/ bridge across the Neva River was completed.

The first all-Russia chess tournament was held.

The Central School of Technical Drawing was established and the Maly /’Small’/ theatre on the Fontanka /’Fountain’/ River (now – the Bolshoi /’Big’/ Drama Theatre named after G.Tovstonogov) opened.

 

1880

Narodovolets (member of People's Will organisation) Stepan Khalturin made an attempt to blow up the Winter Palace.

The Regularisation Plan of St. Petersburg was approved.

The first issue of the Birzhevye Vedomosti /’The Exchange News’/ newspaper was printed.

People's Will members Alexander Kvyatkovsky and Andrei Presnyakov were hanged in the Fortress of Peter and Paul.

Poet Alexander Block was born in one of the buildings of St. Petersburg University.

 

1881

Fedor Dostoyevsky died.

Narodovoltsy killed Emperor Alexander II. Alexander III ascended the throne.

The Tsar's assassinates were executed in Semyonovsky Platz.

The ‘Statute on Security Reinforcement’ was passed.

 

1882

The city's first telephone station was brought into operation.

The Skorokhod /’Fastrunner’/ shoe-making factory was founded.

The first night of Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov's opera The Snow Maiden was given at Maryinsky Theatre.

 

1883

The first electric station was built.

St. Petersburg's first performance of Pyotr Tchaikovsky's opera, Eugine Onegin, was given at Ruadze's Concert Hall.

Ivan Turgenev was buried in Volkovskoye Cemetery.

The construction of the Church of the Saviour on the Spilled Blood began.

 

1884

Nevsky Prospect got regular electric lighting.

The monument to Alexander Pushkin was unveiled in Pushkinskaya Street.

The Otechestvennye Zapiski journal was definitively closed.

 

1885

St. Petersburg seaport was transferred from Vassilievsky /’St.Basil's’/ Island to Gutuevsky Island.

The Sea Canal opened.

The construction of Grand Duke Alexei Aleksandrovich's palace was completed in the Moika Embankment.

The Clinical Institute of Grand Duchess Yelena Pavlovna (now - the Medical Academy of Post-Diploma Education) was opened.

Dvoryansky Bank (the ‘Bank of Nobility’) was founded.

 

1886

At Kononov's Hall, Modest Musorgsky's opera, Khovanschina, was performed for the first time.

The Aquarium Entertainment Garden (now – the Lenfilm Studio) opened in Kamennoostrovsky Prospect.

The Monument of Glory was festively unveiled near Troitsky /’the Holy Trinity’/ Cathedral of the Lifeguards Izmailovsky Regiment.

 

1887

Lenin's elder brother Alexander Ulyanov and his fellow conspirators from the terrorist fraction of Narodnaya Volya were arrested and executed.

The construction of the State Council Archives building was completed in Millionnaya Street.

 

1888

Panaeva's Theatre opened on Admiralty Embankment.

Vassily Andreev's Russian Folk Orchestra gave its first concert.

 

1889

The Russian Bank of Trade and Commerce was opened. Mikhail Saltykov-Schedrin died.

The monument to Prince of Aldeburgh was unveiled in Liteiny Prospect.

The Hospital in the Memory of Emperor Alexander II (now- children's hospital No 3) was opened in Smolenskoye Field.

 

1890

Maryinsky Theatre had a number of new productions - Pyotr Tchaikovsky's ballet, The Sleeping Beauty, his opera, The Queen of Spades, and Alexander Borodin's opera, Prince Igor.

The construction of the Mutual Credit Society building was completed on the Ekaterininsky Canal.

The population of St. Petersburg reached 1 million people.

 

1891

Beyond the Narvskaya Zastava /’Gate’/ the workers of St. Petersburg held their first celebration of the First of May.

The French Squadron came on an official visit.

A theatre was opened in the Aquarium Garden.

The exhibition of Ilya Repin's and Ivan Shishkin's paintings was held at the Academy of Fine Arts.

 

1892

The monument to Mikhail Lomonosov in Chernyshev Square and the monument to Nikolai Przhevalsky in Alexandrovsky /Alexander's/ Garden were unveiled.

The first number of the Mir Bozhiy /’God's World’/ journal was issued.

The Nutcracker (ballet) and Iolanta (opera) by Pyotr Tchaikovsky were performed at Maryinsky Theatre for the first time.

 

1893

The construction of the Choral Synagogue was completed.

The Board of Weights and Measures was opened.

Pyotr Tchaikovsky died.

 

1894

Alexander III died. Nicholas II ascended the Russian throne.

Nicholas II and Alexandra Fedorovna were wed.

Fyodor Shalyapin sang his first performance in St. Petersburg on the stage of the Arcadia Theatre.

Russian Theatrical Society was formed.

Primorskaya railroad between St. Petersburg and Sestroretsk opened.

 

1895

The first automobile appeared in the city. Russo-Chinese bank was founded.

Kalashnikovskaya Bread Exchange opened.

St. Petersburg League of Struggle for the Emancipation of the Working Class was formed.

 

1896

The first film was shown to the public in the Aquarium Garden.

The first cinema theatre opened in Nevsky Prospect.

In St. Petersburg University, the device invented by Alexander Popov transmitted the world's first radiogram.

The Courses for Training Leaders in Physical Exercises and Games (now – P.F. Lesgaft Institute of Physical Training) were established.

Alexandrinsky Theatre gave the premiere of Anton Chekhov's drama, The Seagull.

The first world championship in skating was held in Yussupov's Garden.

 

1897

Student Vetrova killed herself in the prison of the Trubetskoi Bastion in the Fortress of Peter and Pall.

The manifestation of Vetrova’s supporters was held in Kazanskaya Square. Felix Fore, President of France, came on an official visit.

The Women’s Medical Institute (now – Medical University named after Academician Pavlov) was founded.

 

1898

The Russian museum of Emperor Alexander III was opened.

The construction of the building of the Army and Naval Officers' Assembley (now – the House of Military Officers) was completed in Liteiny prospect.

Russia's first hockey match was held.

Mir Iskusstva (the World of Art) Association was founded.

 

1899

Russia’s first long distance telephone line between St. Petersburg and Moscow was brought into operation.

Major student’s riots took place.

The Bogoyavlenskaya /’Epiphany’/ Church was consecrated in Gutuevsky Island.

The city’s first night shelter was opened.

The first issue of the Mir Iskusstva journal came out.

 

1900

Cruiser Aurora was launched at the wharf of the New Admiralty.

The monument to Alexander Pushkin was unveiled in Tsarskoe Selo.

A Leizure Centre for workers - Narodny Dom /’People’s House’/ of Emperor Nicholas II and the Tenishev School buildings were completed.